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Why Pacific Ocean is called Ring of Fire?

What is Ring of Fire? Is it another name of Pacific Ocean? The answer is yes. Ring of fire, also known as the Circum-Pacific Belt, is a path that runs around the Pacific Ocean that is marked by active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. It follows the tectonic plate boundaries of the Pacific, Juan de Fuca, Cocos, Indian-Australian, Nazca, North American, and Philippine Plates. The Ring of Fire contains 75% of the volcanoes on the Earth (more than 450 volcanoes). Ninety percent of Earth’s earthquakes happen along its path, including the most violent and dramatic seismic events on the planet. The amount of movement of tectonic plates in the area causes the abundance of volcanoes and earthquakes along the Ring of Fire. Plates converge at convergent boundaries known as subduction zones along much of the Ring of Fire. In other words, the plate beneath is pushed down, or subducted, by the plate above. When rock is subducted, it melts and turns into magma. The abundance of magma so close to the Earth’s surface creates ideal conditions for volcanic activity. The boundary between the Pacific and North American plates is a notable exception. This section of the Ring of Fire is a transform boundary, which means that plates move sideways past one another. As tension in the Earth’s crust builds up and is released, this type of boundary causes a large number of earthquakes. . In this article we will learn why Pacific Ocean is called ring of fire.

Why Pacific Ocean is called Ring of Fire?

The majority of active volcanoes on Earth are found underwater, along the Pacific Ocean’s aptly named “Ring of Fire.” The Ring of Fire stretches nearly 40,250 kilometers (25,000 miles) from the southern tip of South America, along the west coast of North America, across the Bering Strait, down through Japan, and into New Zealand, and is composed of more than 450 volcanoes. Plate tectonics has resulted in the Ring of Fire. Much of the volcanic activity occurs along subduction zones, which are convergent plate boundaries formed by the collision of two tectonic plates. The heavier plate is pushed (or subducted) beneath the lighter plate.

When this happens, the melting of the plates produces magma, which rises through the overlying plate and erupts as a volcano on the surface. Subduction zones are also the location of deepest ocean in the Earth trenches and deep earthquakes. Trenches form when one plate subducts beneath another and bends downward. Earthquakes occur when the two plates collide and the subducting plate bends. The plates are constantly sliding past each other, colliding, or moving above or below each other. This movement causes deep ocean trenches, volcanic eruptions, and earthquake epicenters along the fault lines that connect the plates.

Why Pacific Ocean is called Ring of Fire?

The Mariana Trench, the deepest ocean trench, is located within the Ring of Fire. The Mariana Trench, located east of Guam, was formed when one tectonic location was pushed beneath another. The Ring of Fire’s tectonic activity also causes roughly 90% of the world’s earthquakes, including the Valdivia Earthquake in Chile in 1960, the strongest recorded earthquake at 9.5 on the Richter scale. The Ring of Fire also contains an estimated 75% of the planet’s volcanoes, such as Mount Tambora in Indonesia, which erupted in 1815 and became the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history. This is why Pacific Ocean is called ring of fire.

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Why is the Pacific Ocean shrinking?

Why Pacific Ocean is called Ring of Fire?

The Pacific Ocean is home to the Ring of Fire, a circle of subduction zones that runs 24,900 miles along the ocean’s edge. It is home to approximately 75% of the world’s volcanoes, as well as 95% of all earthquakes. The East Pacific Rise, the Pacific’s mid-ocean ridge, is a fast-spreading center, meaning it expands at a rate of 3 to 6 inches per year, compared to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which expands at a rate of 0.8 to 2 inches per year. Because of the presence of subduction zones, the destruction of old crust balances the formation of new seafloor, slowing Pacific Ocean growth. Because of this, as well as the expansion of the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean is shrinking.

The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a mountain range that stretches for about 10,000 miles and is the site of seafloor spreading, is found in the Atlantic. Because the Atlantic has few subduction zones, very few older plates are subducted when spreading occurs. As a result, the Atlantic Basin is growing at a rate of about 0.5 to 4 inches per year. The Eurasian and North American tectonic plates are currently drifting apart, separated by the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. At a rate of about one inch per year, the North American plate is shifting west-southwest.

Why is the Pacific Ocean cold?

Modern climate models predict that the surface of the Pacific Ocean will warm as a result of human-caused climate change, with some areas warming more than others. Most regions are behaving as expected, with one notable exception: what scientists refer to as the equatorial cold tongue. This is a band of relatively cool water that runs from Peru to the western Pacific, spanning a quarter of the earth’s circumference. It is caused by equatorial trade winds that blow from east to west, accumulating warm surface water in the west Pacific and pushing surface water away from the equator itself. This allows colder waters to rise from the depths, resulting in the cold tongue.

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Facts about ring of fire

The ‘Ring of Fire,’ also known as the ‘Pacific Ring of Fire,’ is a horseshoe-shaped region of the Pacific Ocean that stretches from South America and North America to Eastern Asia, Australia, and New Zealand. The region is well-known for its constant seismic activity and abundance of volcanoes. Take a look at some of the most fascinating facts about ring of fire.

  • The region spans over 40000 kilometers and includes countries such as the United States, Russia, and Chile. Japan, Indonesia, and New Zealand are almost entirely surrounded by the ‘Ring of Fire.’
  • The region contains 452 dormant and active volcanoes, accounting for 75% of the world’s total number of volcanoes. The Llaima volcano is Chile’s largest and most active volcano. When it last erupted in 2008, it forced the evacuation of thousands of people from nearby villages.
  • The ‘Ring of Fire’ regions are responsible for approximately 90% of all earthquakes reported worldwide. A 9.1 magnitude earthquake struck the Japanese Pacific coast of Tohoku, which is located on the ‘Ring of Fire.’ The earthquake was the most powerful ever recorded in the country’s history, killing over 15000 people and injuring thousands more.
  • The ‘Ring of Fire’ has seen 22 of the 25 largest volcanic eruptions in the last 11,700 years. The Tungaruha volcanic eruption in August 2016 was accompanied by a ten-kilometer-high ash cloud that spread across thousands of square kilometers.
  • The Pacific plate, on which the Ring is located, is the Earth’s largest Tectonic plate. The plate covers a total area of 103 million square kilometers.
  • The majority of the ring’s active volcanoes are located underwater. West Mata is the deepest volcano ever recorded at 1100 meters.
  • Mount Ruapehu in New Zealand is the most active volcano in the ring, with minor eruptions occurring on a yearly basis and major eruptions occurring every 50 years. Despite being an active volcano, Mt Ruapehu has two commercial ski fields that draw a large number of tourists from June to October.
  • Mount Fuji, Japan’s tallest and most famous mountain, is an active volcano in the Ring of Fire. The volcano last erupted in 1707-08 and is depicted as the symbol of Japan in various art forms.

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The Pacific Ocean is associated with volcanoes throughout its length, which is why Pacific Ocean is called Ring of Fire. On the oceanic side, the belt is framed by a series of deep ocean troughs, and continental landmasses lie behind. People in countries such as Japan have used a variety of techniques to avoid the dangers of earthquakes. Among them are the construction of earthquake-resistant homes and the development of earthquake-prediction technologies. However, during the disaster, these methods are of little to no use.

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