What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder which was previously referred to as manic depression is a mental health condition that induces frequent mood disturbances that contain emotional peaks (mania or hypomania) and falls (depression).
You can feel sad or helpless and lose enjoyment or pleasure in most things when you become upset. You can feel euphoric, full of energy or exceptionally irritable when your mood changes to mania or hypomania (less serious than mania). Sleep, energy, activity, judgment, actions and the willingness to think properly may be influenced by these mood shifts that occur owing to bipolar disease.
Mood switch episodes can occur occasionally or numerous times a year. Although most individuals between episodes will undergo some emotional symptoms, some might not undergo any. While bipolar disorder is a chronic illness, by pursuing a course of treatment, you can control your mood shifts and other symptoms. Bipolar syndrome is handled with medicines and psychological therapy in most scenarios.
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms
There are multiple symptoms of bipolar disease to ponder over; it will be easier to digest if we create distinction in terms of men and women.
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms in Men
Both men and women undergo common bipolar disorder symptoms. Men can encounter symptoms distinctly than women nevertheless. Men suffering from bipolar disorder may be:
- Acting out during manic episodes
- Getting trouble with drug abuse
- Having more serious episodes, particularly manic episodes
Men with bipolar syndrome are far less prone to find medical assistance on their own than women. They’re more probable to die by suicide as well.
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms in Women
Men and women are diagnosed in similar proportions with bipolar disease. The key symptoms of the condition, nevertheless, can be unique between the two sexes. A woman with bipolar disorder, in many instances, may:
- Have milder episodes of mania
- Be diagnosed later in life, in her 20s or 30s
- Have a higher lifetime risk of alcohol use disorder
- Experience more depressive episodes than manic episodes
- Have four or more episodes of mania and depression in a year, which is called rapid cycling
- Experience other conditions at the same time, including thyroid disease, obesity, anxiety disorders, and migraines
Bipolar Disorder Types
There are four bipolar disorder types that are prevalent, although two of these forms are diagnosed more commonly.
Bipolar I Disorder
This typical form of bipolar disorder used to be referred to as “manic depression.” Manic episodes are apparent in bipolar I disorder. The behavior of the person and mood swings are severe, and their behavior rapidly ramps up until they are out of reach. If remains unaddressed, the person can end up in the emergency room. An individual has to have manic episodes to have bipolar I. In order for a manic episode to be recognized an occurrence, it has to:
- Involve mood swings or actions that are different from the normal behavior of the individual
- Be there most of the day during the episode, almost every day
Bipolar II Disorder
It is deemed that bipolar II is more prevalent than bipolar I disorder. It often includes symptoms of depression, but the manic symptoms are often less extreme and are referred to as hypomanic symptoms. Sometimes, without medication, hypomania becomes severe and the person may become extremely manic or stressed. It is more difficult for individuals to see Bipolar II disorder in themselves, and it is always up to relatives or dear ones to persuade those with this sort to get assistance.
You have had multiple hypomania symptoms and cycles of depressive symptoms for at least two years, or one year in children and teens (although less intense than topmost depression).
These bipolar disorder types involve, for instance, bipolar and associated disorders such as Cushing’s disease, multiple sclerosis or stroke caused by specified drugs or alcohol or due to a health condition.
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
There is no evidence of the specific cause of bipolar syndrome. Experts think there are a variety of variables that work collectively to make it more likely for an individual to develop. These are assumed to be a dynamic combination of factors that are physical, environmental and social.
As it appears to occur in families, it is often believed that bipolar disorder is related to genetics. An individual with bipolar disorder’s family members have an elevated chance of having it themselves. But for bipolar disorder, no single gene is liable. Alternatively, it is thought that a range of genetic and environmental factors serve as causes.
Chemical Imbalance in the Brain
It is commonly accepted that bipolar disorder is the product of brain chemical instabilities. Neurotransmitters are the chemicals accountable for regulating the processes of the brain and comprise noradrenaline, serotonin and dopamine.
There is some evidence that a person may experience some symptoms of bipolar disease if there is a disparity in the levels of 1 or more neurotransmitters.
The symptoms of bipolar syndrome are frequently caused by a traumatic circumstance. Instances of stressful triggers encompass:
- Physical illness
- Sleep disturbances
- The breakdown of a relationship
- Physical, sexual or emotional abuse
- The death of a close near and dear one
Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis
To assess whether you have bipolar disease your assessment may encompass:
You might be instructed to maintain a regular log of your moods, sleep habits, or other variables that may aid in diagnosis and seeking the proper treatment.
You might be referred to a psychiatrist who will examine your thoughts, emotions and patterns of behavior with you. A psychological self-assessment or questionnaire can also be undertaken by you. Relatives or close friends can, with your consent, be invited to provide details about your symptoms.
To detect any medical conditions that may be triggering your symptoms, your doctor can perform a physical assessment and laboratory tests.
Treatment for Bipolar Disorder
Most individuals with bipolar syndrome will be treated using a mixture of various treatments. This may involve 1 of the undermentioned or more:
Psychological treatment – such as talking therapies, that help you cope with depression and include feedback about how relationships can be improved
Lifestyle tips – such as daily exercise, organizing events that offer you a sense of accomplishment, and advice on changing your diet and having more rest.
Medicines to avoid mania and depressive episodes – these are classified as mood stabilizers, and you take them on a long-term basis daily.
Bipolar Disorder in Children
It’s controversial to diagnose bipolar disease in children. This is mostly because kids don’t necessarily have the exact symptoms of bipolar disorder as teenagers. Their moods and attitudes can also not fit the norms used in adults by physicians to diagnose the condition.
Many symptoms of bipolar disease that arise in children often coincide with symptoms of a number of other children’s disorders, like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Nevertheless, physicians and mental health providers have come to understand the disorder in children in the last few decades. A diagnosis may help kids get treatment, but it can take several weeks or months to reach a diagnosis. Your child will have to seek specific treatment from a doctor qualified to treat kids with mental health conditions
Children with bipolar syndrome undergo bouts of elevated mood, much like adults. They may seem very happy and exhibit signs of overexcited behavior. Depression is then accompanied by these cycles. Changes triggered by bipolar disease are very pronounced, although all children undergo mood swings.